Nigerian Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences (ISSN 0794-0378) a multi-disciplinary journal jointly published by the Faculties of Life and Physical Sciences, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria now wears a new improved look. It aims to provide scientific solutions in all areas of pure and applied sciences via original research and encourage research development of many researchers, research scholars, academics, students, scientist and teachers. The Editorial Board has been expanded to include additional crop of seasoned Professors, academics and management staff. The international team of reviewers has also been expanded to enhance the academic content and status of the Journal. The Journal welcomes the submission of manuscripts that meet the general criteria of significance and scientific excellence. All articles are peer-reviewed. The double column format of presentation of article is in line with the contemporary practice. In addition, the journal now operates electronic means of manuscript submission and processing.